Welcome to the Grace College Health Science program. The focus of the Health Science major at Grace College is to prepare motivated students for health-related graduate education; those students who aspire to provide health care for people through a variety of future careers. Eleven different concentrations are available that will equip the student to apply to their targeted health science profession. At the heart of each concentration is the scientific study of life and life processes in the context of God being the creator and sustainer of all life and the entire physical universe beyond. Students will study the molecular composition, micro and macro anatomy, and metabolic processes of a wide variety of organisms, from bacteria to people. These studies emphasize laboratory, “hands-on” activities to explore technical details of these processes firsthand.
The concentrations available include courses for medical doctors (allopathic and osteopathic), chiropractors, dentists, veterinarians, physician’s assistants, pharmacists, physical or occupational therapists, optometrists and podiatrists. The course lists for these concentrations have been developed based on the core courses required by the majority of health science graduate programs in the specified area. The requirements of the standardized admissions tests (MCAT, OAT, PCAT or GRE) have also been taken into account. Further, it is strongly recommended that the student pursue a minor in a diverse area that will broaden their perspective and potentially provide skills useful in their chosen career: minors in foreign language, behavioral science, business or intercultural studies are suggested possibilities. The number of required courses for the major and concentration have been streamlined to facilitate completing a non-science minor.
The faculty of the Department of Biology at Grace College considers the diversity of organisms, their anatomy, physiology and life processes to have their origins with God the creator. Our past and current observations of all facets of the biological world are demonstrations of God’s grand design. It is our desire that those studying health science as a major will gain a much deeper appreciation of the details of the incredible complexity of God’s living handiwork.
A study of the basic composition and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, enzymes and nucleic acids. Some consideration is given to biological oxidations, energy transfers, protein biosynthesis and gene function. The course includes hands-on laboratory experiments involving current procedures in biochemistry.
BIO 2610 Cell and Molecular Biology
A study of the basic principles that guide cellular composition, organization and function. Particular attention will be paid to understanding the molecular mechanism that underlies cell function. Topics studied in the course include, but are not limited to, processes of energy extraction, membrane transport, flow of genetic information, cell surface communication, cell cycle and regulation, and cell division along with the study of specialized cells like gametes, lymphocytes, neurons, muscle cells and cancer cells. The course includes hands-on laboratory experiments involving current procedures in cell and molecular biology.
BIO 3210 and BIO 3310 Anatomy
and Physiology I and II
The study of the basic gross and microscopic anatomy with an introduction to body organization, cytology and histology. This course includes an in-depth study of all major organ systems.
BIO 4210 Genetics
A study of both in-depth classical genetics and underlying molecular mechanisms as well as genetic mechanisms and processes, recombination, genetic interaction and gene regulation. The course includes hands-on laboratory experiments involving current procedures in molecular genetics.
The individuals who will challenge you to learn:
Richard Roberts, B.S., M.S., Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Biological Science, Biology and Health Sciences Program Director
B.S. in Microbiology, Colorado State University; M.S. in Microbiology, University of California, San Diego; Ph.D. in Molecular Biology, University of California, San Diego; Post-Doctorate, Molecular Biology, Stanford University
Following his doctoral studies, Richard Roberts spent four years as a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University, studying bacterial development. From 1996 to 2010, Roberts changed career directions to serve as a children's pastor at churches in Sunnyvale, California, and Kenosha, Wisconsin. He was excited to join the Grace faculty in 2010 and change his ministry focus from children to college students. He and his wife, Lori, have three children.
B.S. in Agriculture, University of Missouri; D.V.M., University of Missouri
Marcia Lee moved to the Winona Lake area in 1977 when she began teaching part-time for the college. She practiced veterinary medicine for approximately 35 years, seven in Missouri and the balance in Indiana. For a time, she owned and operated a veterinary clinic in Warsaw while also teaching at Grace.
A.S., Owensboro Community College, Kentucky; B.S. Chemistry, Kentucky Wesleyan College; M.S. Analytical Chemistry, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green; Ph.D., Organometallic Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington.
Chad Snyder joined the Grace science faculty in fall 2015. He brings expertise to Grace in undergraduate and faculty research in organic chemistry. Chad also has a special interest in biblical apologetics.
Nathan Bosch, B.A., Ph.D.
Director, Center for Lakes & Streams; Associate Professor of Environmental Science
B.A. in Biology and Chemistry, Trinity Christian College; Ph.D. in Resource Ecology and Management-Aquatics, University of Michigan
Nathan Bosch joined the Grace College faculty in 2008. He is passionate about teaching and mentoring all ages of students to value and care for our water resources. To better understand how to take care of aquatic ecosystems, he has studied lakes and rivers in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio. At Grace College, he fulfills the role of associate professor in environmental science as well as the director of the Center for Lakes & Streams, a research center at Grace College. Before moving to Winona Lake and joining Grace College, Bosch earned his Ph.D. at the University of Michigan while also working as a researcher at the Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He is married and has four children. When he is not on a lake or in a stream, he can be found at home, playing with his kids.
Some of the positions you can obtain:
Diagnose and treat patients whose health problems are attributed to the body’s muscular, nervous and skeletal systems, especially the spine. They generally hold that spinal or vertebral dysfunction alters many important body functions by affecting the nervous system. They typically have a holistic approach to the patient’s health, emphasizing exercise, diet, rest, environment and heredity as all contributing significantly to the patient’s health. Their treatments do not involve drugs but focus on the body’s inherent recuperative abilities.
Diagnose and treat problems with teeth or mouth tissue (including gums and tongue) and work to prevent such problems from occurring in healthy patients. They must be adept at assisting nervous patients and also familiar with the rapidly changing technology available to treat dental defects. They must be skilled at working with their hands in crafting replacements for missing teeth and negotiating challenges presented by defective teeth and gums. They may specialize in pediatric dentistry or, with further training, in oral surgery.
Occupational therapists help patients improve their ability to perform tasks in living and working environments. They work with individuals who suffer from a mentally, physically, developmentally or emotionally disabling condition. Occupational therapists use treatments to develop, recover or maintain the daily living and work skills of their patients. The therapist helps clients not only to improve their basic motor functions and reasoning abilities, but also to compensate for permanent loss of function. The goal is to help clients have independent, productive and satisfying lives.
Also known as doctors of optometry, or ODs, optometrists provide primary vision care. They examine people’s eyes to diagnose vision problems and eye diseases, and they test patients’ visual acuity, depth and color perception, and ability to focus and coordinate the eyes. Optometrists prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses and provide vision therapy and low-vision rehabilitation. They may specialize in pediatric or geriatric eye care and may be trained in surgery related to the anterior of the eye.
Distribute drugs prescribed by physicians and other health care providers and provide the patient important information about the medications and their proper use. They also advise health care professionals about interactions and side effects of medications. Pharmacists also monitor the health and progress of patients in response to therapy to ensure that their use of the medications is in a safe and effective manner.
Plans and administers medically prescribed physical therapy treatment for patients suffering from injuries, or muscle, nerve, joint and bone diseases, to restore function, relieve pain and prevent disability.
Diagnoses and treats a variety of diseases and injuries in general practice. Examines patients using medical instruments. Orders and executes various tests, analyses, and diagnostic images to provide information on patient's condition.
Physician assistants (PAs) relieve doctors of routine chores, allowing them to devote more of their time to patient care that requires highly specialized training. Although they are not doctors, physician assistants practice medicine and do many of the jobs doctors do. Physician assistants can take medical histories, examine and treat patients, order and interpret laboratory tests and X-rays, make diagnoses, treat minor injuries, instruct and counsel patients, and order or carry out therapy. In most states, PAs can also prescribe medicines.
As doctors of podiatric medicine, or DPMs, these physicians diagnose and treat disorders, diseases and injuries of the foot and lower leg. They prescribe drugs and physical therapy, set fractures and perform surgery, and work with patients to provide therapeutic or corrective footwear. They may specialize in surgery, primary care, orthopedics or public health and may have practices emphasizing sports medicine, pediatric or geriatric care, dermatology or diabetic foot care.
Surgeons are physicians who operate to repair injuries, correct deformities, prevent diseases, and generally improve the health of patients. They examine patients to determine if surgery is necessary, evaluate the risks involved, and select the appropriate surgical procedure.
General surgeons perform many kinds of operations. Others specialize in one type of operation or one system or area of the body. Neurosurgeons, for example, operate on the brain, spinal cord, and nervous system, while thoracic surgeons operate on lungs and other organs in the chest cavity. Diseases of bones and joints, such as arthritis, as well as the treatment of broken bones, are the focus of orthopedic surgeons.
Diagnose and treat diseases and injuries in animals and provide preventative care to maintain their health. Veterinarians may specialize in small animals, typically caring for household pets with dogs and cats as their primary patients, or large animals, where livestock found on a farm (horses, cattle, pigs, etc.) are their primary patients. Vets may also specialize in exotic animals and work as staff members of zoos or nature preserves. A veterinarian must be well versed in a variety of examination and treatment procedures and also does surgery as part of treatment. They also face the challenge of not being able to directly communicate with their patients, so they must be very adept at communicating with the owners as part of diagnostic analyses and treatment plans.